Peter Singer presents his idea that effective altruism can be the best way to help the poor if charity donations are used properly. According to his idea of effective altruism, we only need to give what could otherwise have been wasted as opposed to the typical altruism exhibited by personalities like mother Teresa. Most people are familiar with typical altruism making it difficult for them to be altruistic. He advocates for a pragmatic approach to altruism, through charity organizations and non-governmental organizations, to make certain that donations are used wisely and effectively. However, not everybody can feel empathy and compassion for the poor. Effective altruism is the best way to help the poor because it encourages people to sacrifice and donate the monies they spend on luxuries to charitable organizations that will formulate long-term programs to address poverty.
Essentially, world poverty especially in third world country is on the rise eliciting the need for effective altruism. It can be argued that efforts such as donor funding applied to alleviate poverty have not been effective so far since poverty is increasing. In this regard, effective altruism is essential in order to help poor countries get out of poverty. UNICEF has revealed that poverty causes the deaths of a lot of children each year with most deaths were all come from low incomes countries. At the same time, more than 80 percent of the world’s population is widening the income gap. According to Singer, the time is ripe for addressing the poverty problem at a personal level through effective altruism. In this way, everybody including middle income and high-income earners would contribute by just giving a little of what they spend on luxury. This would also help in reducing the carbon footprint significantly as well.
Singer claims that effective altruism will have a profound and lasting impact in the sense that it will not only saves lives but also it .will improve livelihoods. He maintains that the only way to achieve this goal is to sacrifice, “whatever money you’re spending on luxuries, not necessities, should be given away” (332).