Compose a 1750 words assignment on accounting as art of organizing. Needs to be plagiarism free! A financial statement must provide details with regard to financial position, changes in position and operations of an enterprise which may be useful for decision making.
International Accounting Standards Board in the development of the International Accounting Standards Committee (IASC) created in 1973 with the objective of developing the uniform standards of accounting. IASB and US Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) congregated the IFRS and US GAAP in 2002 as part of the Norwalk agreement making their existing financial reporting standards compatible and practicable and coordinating their future work programme to ensure compatibility. The IASB provided two accounting standards for financial reporting frameworks like International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) developed by The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (US GAAP). The US GAAP was acknowledged extensively as the international set of standards to make certain best quality financial statements. This standard was mostly used in the US and also elsewhere, but with the entry of IFRS, a debate on the virtual class of both authorities has taken place. GAAP is exceptionally comprehensive on what is acceptable and unacceptable. IFRS is used by more than a hundred countries as their standard set of guidelines and principles. Still more countries, like Canada and India, are projecting to follow IFRS from 2011. This paper is intended for providing some explorative information on the IFRS / US GAAP and also some demarcation and comparison of the two standards of financial reporting. More specifically, the purpose of the current study is to investigate the properties of IFRS versus US GAAP standards of accounting using the accounts of National Grid Plc that is listed both in EU and US Stock Exchange. And most importantly, the paper identifies the difference between the rules and principles of two accounting standards through the accounts of National Grid Plc and its usefulness to various stakeholders of the organization.
IFRS and US GAAP – Significant differences in National Grid Plc
National Grid is an energy production organization which owns and operates the electricity transmission system in England and the US. National Grid distributes gas to 11 million homes and businesses in the UK. The company is also engaged in the business of wireless infrastructure along with other businesses like National Grid Metering, Onstream, National Grid Grain, property, etc. The main areas of operation of the company are UK and US which was created by the restructuring of the UK gas industry in 1986 and the electricity industry in 1990 and entered the US market in the year 2000. (www.nationalgrid.com) According to the annual report for the year 2005/06, it is revealed that the group has achieved a 25% increase in the revenue from 7382m to 9193m. And according to the same reports, operating profits have also increased from 2142m to 2439m (2005/06) which is 14% higher. National Grid has also entered into acquisition and merger with some companies like Keyspan Corporation. The company with its base in the US and UK, the countries which adopt two different standards of accounting principles, has to prepare accounts conforming to the rules and regulations of that particular nation. However, the group accounts of the company are prepared under IFRS standards and hereby make it necessary to understand and identify the differences that will arise if the same accounts are prepared under US GAAP principles. . .