[Authentic] Evidence-Based Project Template

Initial Steps for an Evidence-Based Project Template
(Week 8)
Project Title: Exploring the Effectiveness of Sex Education for Promoting Safe Sexual Practices Among Young African American Women ages 18-25.
Student Name:
Introduction: (25 to 50 words)
A study will be conducted to examine the adherence to safe sexual practices among young African American women (ages 18 to 25) who receive sex education, as compared to those who do not. From this project, a better understanding of STD prevention options for this population may be gained.
Overview of the Problem: (50 to 70 words)
Given the higher rates of STDs among African Americans (Newman & Berman, 2008), it is important to find effective ways to lower the risk. Sex education is currently inadequate for young African American women (Galloway et al., 2017), and this can affect long-term health outcomes (Lind et al., 2014). Therefore, it is worth exploring sex education as a possible way to increase safe sex practices among young African American women.
Project Purpose Statement: (20 to 40 words)
The purpose of this project is to compare the adherence to safe sexual practices of young African American women (ages 18-25) who receive sex education to the adherence to safe sexual practices of those who do not receive sex education.
Background and Significance: (50 to 100 words)
African American women have a higher rate of STDs than the general population in the United States (Newman & Berman, 2008), and studies suggest that the availability of sex education for young African American women is currently inadequate (Galloway et al., 2017). This study would offer insight on effective options for STD prevention among African American women, which could help improve long-term health outcomes for the population (Lind et al., 2014). The study is innovative because it focuses specifically on the connection between sex education and safe sexual practices that can help prevent the spread of STDs.
PICOt Formatted Clinical Project Question:Population – African American women (ages 18-25) Intervention – sex education Comparison – African American women (ages 18-25) who do not receive sex education Outcome – adherence to safe sexual practices timeframe – within six months of completing the sex education course
Literature Review: (200 to 400 words) Include – Key terms used to guide the search for evidence Five (5) research studies to support the evidence
Some of the key terms that I used to guide my search for evidence included sex education, African American women, family planning, safe sexual practices, and sex education for young women.
Galloway et al. (2017) conducted a qualitative study to explore the perceptions of African and American male and female teenagers on finding information about health and accessing services to support reproductive health. They also wanted to better understand the teenagers’ understandings of contraception. By conducting focus groups with youth from two communities in South Carolina, the authors identified themes in the teens’ perceptions, as well as a general misunderstanding about the appropriate usage of various contraception methods.
Lind et al. (2014) found that African American women in low-income Chicago neighborhoods who are at high risk for adverse birth outcomes are open to using emergency contraception when their initial contraception method fails. This willingness was particularly significant among those who reported that they did not want to become pregnant in the next two years or were not sure.
Brown, Blackmon, and Shiflett (2017) used a cluster analysis to examine the effects of childhood socialization experiences on safe sex practices. They found that both gender socialization and ethnic-racial socialization play a role in sexual assertiveness and safe sex practices among female African American college students. The authors suggest that this can contribute to higher rates of HIV acquisition within this population.
Duncan et al. (2002) conducted a qualitative study to identify the barriers to safe sex behaviors among African American college students. Using the Nominal Group Technique, they found that the most important theme among both males and females as a negative view of condoms. Some of the other barriers to safe sexual practices include a lack of trust, a value for living in the moment, and a feeling of invincibility. The authors highlighted the problematic nature of the results in the context of the frequency of HIV transmission among African American college students.
Muzny et al. (2013) reported on the perceptions of African American women who have sex with women about safe sex practices. Based on focus groups with African American women between the ages of 19 and 43 who lived in Birmingham, Alabama, they found that there were misperceptions about the effectiveness of barrier methods against HIV and sexuall…

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