Details: The Psychopath Sitting Next to You
By Julia Warren
Topic: The Psychopath Sitting Next to You
General purpose: The general purpose of this speech is to inform my audience about psychopathic.
Specific purpose: This speech seeks to inform my audience about the Dynamics of psychopathy and how to identify a psychopath.
When you think of psychopaths you may think of notorious figures such as Ted Bundy or Jeffrey Dahmer, but most won’t picture a CEO of a major company, perhaps a doctor, and even our public servants. In fact, we are surrounded by psychopathic people.
According to Psychology Today, about one in every 25individuals is a psychopath. By those statistics, any one of you may be sitting next to somebody that is psychopathic right now and not even know it.(Don’t feel bad though,Ann Rule, A co-worker of Ted Bundy’s at a suicide hotline center, didn’t know for years as she goes on to talk about in her book:”The stranger sitting next to me.”)
Through the speech, I hope to enlighten you regarding the behaviors that accompany psychopathy. This is a complex disorder that can only be fully understood by examining available evidence instead of relying on depictions in popular culture. I will begin the speech with an overview of the behaviors that define psychopathy before proceeding to explore how psychopaths function in society.Notable psychopaths who have allowed insights to be gained into the dynamics of this condition will form the focus of the third section of this speech. I am confident that through this speech, I will provide insights that enhance your understanding of psychopathy.
Transition: For a complete understanding of psychopathy to be acquired, it is helpful to begin with an examination of the behaviors that characterize this disorder. first, I will highlight some of these behaviors. I will give particular attention to the traits that psychopaths exhibit, genetic factors, and the difference in the brain functions of psychopaths versus the general population.
The traits exhibited by psychopaths have fascinated researchers for decades. Schultz, Balderston, Baskin-Sommers, Larson and Helmstetter (2016) are among the researchers who have dedicated their effort to understanding the disorder and its traits. They conducted a study whose primary purpose was to observe how the brains of psychopaths function. One of the key issues that they address in their article is that psychopaths tend to suffer emotional deficits and that they are usually unable to contain their impulses. Essentially, Schultz and his colleagues indicate that psychopathy strip individuals of their ability to regulate their emotions and inhibitions. These scholars are not alone in shedding light on psychopathic traits. They are joined by Hosking et al. (2017) who dedicated part of their text to discussing the behaviors of psychopaths. According to Hosking and his colleagues, psychopaths tend to have superficial charm, they pursue sensations and thrills, and demonstrate little empathy. Furthermore, the psychopaths are known to display egocentric grandiosity and callousness. Combined, these traits cause psychopaths to pose a serious danger to their communities. It is little wonder that a majority of serial killers are understood to be psychopaths.
Hare Psychopathic checklist
According to the website Encyclopedia of mental disorders last accessed on march 7th, 2019, a revised version of the psychopathic checklist was developed in the early 1990’s by Dr. Robert D. Hare. This psychopathic checklist, or PCL-R, is a diagnostic tool that is used to rate the tendencies that people with psychopathy and antisocial personality disorder may have. It is applied in numerous settings such as legal settings to assess the likelihood of a person reoffending after they have served their jail sentence or in institutions where they can assess potential future risk. I will now hand out a checklist that you can fill out at your leisure
It is true that behaviors and habits offer the most obvious indications of psychopathy. However, thanks to the efforts of researchers and the use diffusion tensor imaging, it has now been established that brain function can also be used to determine psychopathic tendencies. The following image, accidentally shuffled into brain scansJames Fallon, a UC Irvine School of Medicine neuroscientist was studying, represents the difference between the brain of a normal individual and a psychopath. Unwittingly, he found out later it was his own brain scan.
What is clear from this image is that the orbital cortex (indicated using red arrow) registers lower levels of activation among psychopaths. The orbital cortex is responsible for regulating impulses and emotional expression. Since this part of the brain is less active among psychopaths, it is fairly easy to understand why these indi…
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